Kata Tarawih: Asal-Usul dan Maknanya dalam Bahasa Arab

Kata tarawih berasal dari bahasa arab yaitu – Kata tarawih berasal dari bahasa Arab, yaitu “تراويح,” yang memiliki makna dan sejarah panjang dalam tradisi Islam. Istilah ini merujuk pada salah satu ibadah penting selama bulan Ramadhan, yaitu shalat tarawih, yang dilakukan secara berjamaah setelah shalat Isya.

Etimologi kata tarawih memiliki akar kata “rawaha,” yang berarti “istirahat” atau “menyegarkan.” Hal ini sesuai dengan praktik shalat tarawih yang dilakukan dengan cara berdiri, duduk, dan sujud berulang-ulang, sehingga memberikan kesempatan untuk beristirahat dan menyegarkan diri selama ibadah.

Etymology of “Kata Tarawih”

The term “tarawih” is derived from the Arabic word “tarwiha,” which means “to rest” or “to refresh oneself.” The linguistic root of the word is “ra-wi-ha,” which signifies relaxation and tranquility.

The name “Kata Tarawih” is a reference to the brief periods of rest taken during the performance of the Tarawih prayer, which is a special prayer performed during the month of Ramadan. These rest periods allow the worshippers to rest and regain their composure before continuing with the prayer.

Historical Context

The term “tarawih” is derived from the Arabic word “tarweeha,” which means “rest” or “relaxation.” It refers to the additional prayers performed during the month of Ramadan, typically after the mandatory Isha prayer. The practice of tarawih prayers is believed to have originated during the early days of Islam, during the time of the Prophet Muhammad.

According to Islamic tradition, the Prophet Muhammad initially encouraged his followers to pray additional prayers during Ramadan, but he did not specify a set number or format for these prayers. It was during the reign of the second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, that the tarawih prayers were standardized into a set of 20 rak’ahs (units of prayer) performed over eight nights.

Cultural and Religious Significance

The tarawih prayers hold significant cultural and religious importance in Muslim communities around the world. They are seen as a time for spiritual reflection, community building, and increased devotion to God. During Ramadan, mosques are often filled to capacity with worshippers performing tarawih prayers, creating a vibrant and communal atmosphere.

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In many Muslim cultures, the tarawih prayers are also associated with social gatherings and festivities. Families and friends often gather at mosques or community centers after the prayers to share food, socialize, and celebrate the spirit of Ramadan.

Usage and Variations

The term “kata tarawih” is widely used in the context of Islamic religious practices, particularly during the holy month of Ramadan. It is commonly employed in the following ways:

In Arabic-speaking countries, the phrase “kata tarawih” is predominantly used to refer to the special evening prayers performed during Ramadan. These prayers are typically offered in sets of eight or ten rak’ahs (units of prayer) and are characterized by their lengthy recitations and meditative nature.

Regional Variations

While the pronunciation and usage of “kata tarawih” remain relatively consistent across Arabic-speaking regions, there may be minor variations in its pronunciation or usage in certain dialects. For example, in some dialects, the term “tarawih” may be pronounced with a slightly different intonation or with a slightly different emphasis on certain syllables.

Cultural Significance

Kata tarawih berasal dari bahasa arab yaitu

“Kata tarawih” holds profound cultural significance within Muslim communities, embodying religious observance and fostering social cohesion. During the month of Ramadan, tarawih prayers become an integral part of communal life, offering a unique opportunity for spiritual reflection and social interaction.

Religious Practices

Tarawih prayers are an essential component of Ramadan observances. Muslims gather in mosques after the Isha (night) prayer to perform a series of additional prayers, known as tarawih. These prayers, typically consisting of eight to twenty rak’ahs (units), are a cherished practice that allows believers to deepen their connection with God and seek forgiveness during the holy month.

Social Interactions

Beyond their religious significance, tarawih prayers play a vital role in fostering social bonds within Muslim communities. During Ramadan, mosques become vibrant social hubs where people of all ages and backgrounds come together to worship and socialize. The shared experience of tarawih prayers strengthens the sense of community and provides a platform for intergenerational interactions.

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Linguistic Analysis: Kata Tarawih Berasal Dari Bahasa Arab Yaitu

The term “kata tarawih” is derived from the Arabic language and holds significant linguistic and grammatical features.

Etymologically, the word “kata” means “speech” or “words,” while “tarawih” originates from the root word “rawaha,” which implies “to rest” or “to seek comfort.” Therefore, the combined term “kata tarawih” can be understood as “words of rest” or “words that bring comfort.”

Grammatical Structure

Grammatically, “kata tarawih” is a compound noun in Arabic. It consists of two distinct words, each with its own part of speech and function within the phrase.

  • “Kata” is a noun that serves as the headword of the compound.
  • “Tarawih” is a genitive noun that modifies “kata,” indicating possession or relationship.

Morphological Features

Morphologically, the term “kata tarawih” exhibits specific Arabic grammatical features.

  • The word “kata” is in its singular form, as indicated by the lack of a nunation (tanween) at the end.
  • “Tarawih” is in the genitive case, marked by the addition of the suffix “-in.” This case is used to denote possession or relationship.

Syntactical Features

Syntactically, “kata tarawih” functions as a noun phrase within a sentence. It can be used as the subject, object, or complement of a verb, depending on the context.

For example, in the sentence “Kata tarawih dibaca setelah shalat Isya,” the phrase “kata tarawih” serves as the subject of the verb “dibaca” (read).

Modern Usage and Evolution

Kata tarawih berasal dari bahasa arab yaitu

The term “kata tarawih” has evolved in contemporary society to encompass its usage in modern contexts, such as popular culture and online communication. In popular culture, the term has been incorporated into various forms of entertainment, including music, literature, and film, where it is often used to evoke a sense of nostalgia or cultural identity.

In online communication, “kata tarawih” has become a widely used term in social media and messaging platforms. It is frequently employed to express sentiments of longing, reflection, or a desire for spiritual connection. The term’s usage in these contexts has contributed to its broader dissemination and recognition among younger generations.

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Social Media and Messaging Platforms, Kata tarawih berasal dari bahasa arab yaitu

On social media platforms, “kata tarawih” has gained significant popularity as a hashtag and a caption for posts related to personal reflections, spiritual experiences, and expressions of faith. Users often share verses from religious texts, quotes from spiritual leaders, or their own thoughts and feelings on various topics using this hashtag.

This usage has created a virtual community where individuals can connect and engage with others who share similar spiritual beliefs and aspirations.

Music and Literature

In music, “kata tarawih” has been incorporated into lyrics to convey themes of remembrance, introspection, and spiritual longing. Artists have drawn inspiration from the traditional meanings and associations of the term to create songs that resonate with audiences on a personal and emotional level.

Similarly, in literature, authors have used “kata tarawih” in their works to explore themes of faith, identity, and the search for meaning in life.

Film and Television

In film and television, “kata tarawih” has been used as a title for productions that delve into themes of spirituality, cultural traditions, and the human experience. These works often depict characters grappling with questions of faith, identity, and their place in the world.

By incorporating “kata tarawih” into their titles, filmmakers and television producers aim to evoke a sense of contemplation and reflection among viewers.


Dengan demikian, kata tarawih memiliki makna yang mendalam dalam konteks ibadah dan budaya Muslim. Istilah ini tidak hanya merujuk pada sebuah praktik ibadah, tetapi juga mencerminkan nilai-nilai spiritual dan sosial yang terkandung di dalamnya.

FAQ Insights

Apa arti kata tarawih dalam bahasa Arab?

Kata tarawih berasal dari bahasa Arab “تراويح,” yang berarti “istirahat” atau “menyegarkan.”

Mengapa shalat tarawih dilakukan secara berjamaah?

Shalat tarawih dilakukan secara berjamaah untuk mempererat tali silaturahmi dan memperkuat rasa persaudaraan antar umat Muslim.

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